In Germany, the regulations for the execution of accreditation processes are determined by the legislation of the Federal States in the resolutions of the German Rector’s Conference (HRK) and the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the Länder of the Federal Republic of Germany and are applied by certified accreditation agencies.
During the accreditation process (programme accreditation and system accreditation), all German accreditation agencies operate in accordance with the European Standards and Guidelines (ESG) issued in 2005 by the European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA). The ESG provide standards and requirements, recognised throughout Europe, for the implementation of accreditation processes in agencies and universities and were commissioned by the Ministers of the Bologna countries in cooperation with the European University Association (EUA) and the European Student Union (ESU).
The objective of every accreditation process is the evaluation and accreditation of the respective study programme. This means that in the course of the accreditation an evaluation process is undergone in which a study programme is evaluated regarding its subject-specific content, in terms of resources and the professional qualification its graduates receive pursuant to defined minimum requirements.